News

Military Lending Act. Yes, It Applies To Your Credit Union

If your credit union isn’t located on a military base, the Military Lending Act (MLA) may not seem like a major regulatory issue affecting your credit union. However, there have been some recent changes made to the MLA ahead of the October 3rd, 2016 compliance date that will affect how you lend to members of the military and their dependents. But let me give you some background information first.
The MLA was originally enacted in 2007 with provisions covering pay day loans, vehicle title loans and tax refund anticipations loans made to members of the military. These loans could not be made with the Military Annual Percentage Rate (MAPR) of over 36%. This rate is calculated differently than the traditional Truth in Lending Act (TILA) APR because it includes the cost of fees and other charges.
Fast forward to 2015 when proposed amendments from the Department of Defense were enacted that expanded the types of credit products that are covered by the 36% cap. The amended Act expanded the definition of consumer credit covered by the Act to include both closed ended and open ended products such as installment loans, private student loans, overdraft lines of credit and unsecured open ended lines of credit in addition to the originally covered pay day loans, vehicle title loans and tax refund anticipation loans.
In addition to the 36% MAPR, lenders must ensure the security agreement or cross collateralization of accounts subject to the MLA do not permit a security interest in funds or other loans consummated prior to the loans subject to the MLA. This can pose a serious problem to most credit unions whose standard security agreement includes both funds deposited and collateral secured in the past and all funds and collateral secured in the future. Under the MLA provisions, only funds and collateral secured in conjunction with the loan covered under the MLA and any future deposits may be included in the security agreement.
So how does a credit union determine if a loan is subject to the MLA provisions? Lenders have been provided a safe harbor for determining if a loan is being extended that is subject to the MLA provisions if the credit union searches the Department of Defense website to ascertain the status of the applicant before them or the lender may rely on a credit report to indicate active duty status. The MLA also applies to any dependents.
The rule does not apply to any loan made to finance the purchase of a vehicle, residential mortgage loans and transactions not covered by Reg Z.
Does your credit union need some assistance developing a plan for MLA compliance? Let CURx help. We understand the operational implications this Act will pose and can help your credit union become compliant prior to the October deadline.

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Potential Clarification on TRID Forms Coming in July

Is your credit union struggling with the Know Before You Owe rules put in place by the CFPB? If so, there may be some light at the end of the tunnel we call TRID compliance. Recently, Director Cordray sent a letter to CUNA and other industry trade groups acknowledging the operational struggles that compliance with the forms has posed. The letter indicated the CFPB is developing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that could be released as early as July. Can’t wait for the CFPB to issue clarification? Let CURx help you navigate the Know Before You Owe mortgage disclosure forms.

You can read the full text of the letter posted by CUNA by using the link below.

 

http://www.cuna.org/uploadedFiles/CUNA/Legislative_And_Regulatory_Advocacy/Track_Regulatory_Issues/Pending_Regulatory_Changes/2016/CFPB%20TRID%20letter%20to%20Trades.pdf

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Questions on Same Day ACH? Let Us Break it Down for You.

Requirements

  • ALL RDFI’s MUST participate
  • Transactions NOT eligible for same-day activity
    • IAT’s
    • Individual transactions over $25,000

Phase One: Effective September 23, 2016

  • ACH Credits ONLY
  • Two new same-day processing windows in addition to current processing times
    • Submission deadline 10:30am ET, settlement 1:00pm ET
    • Submission deadline 2:45pm ET, settlement 5:00pm ET
  • Funds availability requirement
    • RDFI’s MUST provide funds to receivers by end of processing day

Effective Entry Date Requirements

  • Identified by using the current day’s date in the Effective Entry Date field in the Company/Batch Header Record
  • Example: Transactions originated on Monday, October 10 that are intended for same-day processing and settlement must have an Effective Date of “161010” in the appropriate field and be submitted to an ACH Operator no later than 2:45pm ET
  • Originated entries MUST meet the submission deadline for same-day ACH processing noted above
    • Same Day Entry Fees apply (currently 5.2 cents per originated same-day entry)
  • Additional optional same-day identification can be used for verification between the ODFI and Originator using the Company Descriptive Date as “SDHHMM”. SD denotes same-day processing intention and “HHMM” denotes either 1:00pm or 5:00 pm.  Ex: SD1300 or THIS IDENTIFICATION METHOD WILL NOT BE RECOGNIZED BY THE ACH OPERATOR.

Return Entry Processing

  • Same-day processing of return entries is at the discretion of the RDFI, even if the return was a same-day entry
  • Same-day return entries are exempt from the same-day entry fee
  • Return rules DO NOT CHANGE
    • A return entry must be processed in such time that it is made available to the ODFI no later than the opening of business on the second banking day following the settlement date of the original entry

Impact to Participants

  • RDFI’s
    • Update internal processing applications and procedures to accommodate same-day entries
    • Update file submission and delivery schedules with their ACH Operator
    • Ensure vendors and processors are prepared to handle same-day transactions, including allowing ample time for testing
  • ODFI’s that DO NOT elect to participate
    • Ensure the appropriate use of the Effective Entry Date to prevent inadvertently originating same-day ACH entries
  • ODFI’s that elect to originate same-day ACH
    • Update internal processing applications and procedures to accommodate same-day entries
    • Update file submission and delivery schedules with their ACH Operator
    • If applicable, talk with Originators to determine if they would like to have the advantage of same day origination and settlement. Discuss appropriate business need, cost effectiveness and the optional use of the Company Descriptive Date.
    • Determine fee schedule, if any, for Originators. Provide new fee notifications in the required amount of time.
  • ALL Financial Institutions should notify the appropriate department of the expected ACH billing changes

 

Still have questions?

Let our resident ACH experts walk you through them by contacting us today at 1(888) 766-1576.

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New BSA/AML Advisory from FinCEN

FinCEN is out with a new BSA/AML advisory encouraging financial institutions, regardless of size or industry sector, to understand the importance of a culture of compliance. The advisory lists six ways a financial institution can strengthen that culture:

1. The leaders at your institution must actively support and understand compliance efforts.

2. Efforts to manage and mitigate BSA/AML risks must not be compromised by revenue interests.

3. Relevant information from the various departments within the organization should be shared with compliance staff to further BSA/AML efforts.

4. Adequate resources should be devoted to the compliance function.

5. Ensure the compliance program is effective by having it tested by an independent and competent party.

6. Leadership and staff should understand the purpose of BSA/AML efforts and how reporting is used.

You can read the full text of the advisory on FinCEN’s website at www.fincen.gov.

Need assistance putting these principles into practice? Let CURx help.

 

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80 years later…

80 years ago today the Federal Credit Union Act was signed into law by President F. D. Roosevelt. The Credit Union National Association Interim President/CEO Bill Hampel observed in a statement marking the occasion that the act “set federal oversight in place and provided for the development of credit unions as a way to promote thrift among the American people.”

80 years later CUNA reports “there are more than 6,600 independent, consumer-owned, volunteer-led, democratically controlled credit unions, vital to the well-being of their nearly 100 million members”.

What else was happening 80 years ago?

Did you know that was the first year the Loch Ness Monster was “sighted”. Alcatraz also opened in 1934. The average cost of new house was $5,970.00 and the cost of a gallon of gas was 10 cents!

Things sure have changed in 80 years but CURx is certainly glad to be a part of a strong credit union industry. That hasn’t changed!

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Upcoming Event!

CU Rx will be joining other credit union professionals in Grand Rapids June 5-7 as we exibit at the Michigan Credit Union League’s AC&E. We would love to love to see all our clients both new and old stop by our booth to say hello. Not a client yet? We love to talk comliace and don’t mind taking questions during the expo hours. Come armed with a smile and a question or two and let us help you!

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